How to Tie Various Knots

Securely Tied Parcels
(Source: ©Observer/Depositphotos.com)

Learn how to tie various knots the old fashioned way, and you'll be amazed at how often your new skill will come in handy. Below are instructions for tying over 20 basic knots that you will find uses for in the home and garden, in addition to nautical and farm uses.


Here's How to Tie Various Knots

Few persons know how to tie various knots. It is as easy, indeed easier, to make a neat, firm knot, one that's easy to untie, as one clumsy, insecure, and readily jammed. In practising, it is better at first to use a coarse cord or fine rope. The 7 knots given below can all be mastered in an hour's practice, and will be found of daily use.

The Reefing Knot

Figure 1: The Reefing Knot

Also called the flat knot, is the one best adapted for ordinary use in tying the two ends of a string. It is neat, flat, does not readily slip, and is easily untied. It is the same as is used in tying shoelaces and neckties, except that the ends are drawn through. It is essential that the two parts of each string should be on the same side or there will be formed a "granny" knot.

The Sheet Bend Knot

Figure 2: The Sheet Bend Knot

Also called the weavers' knot, is used where great firmness is required; it is small, cannot slip, and can be made when one end of the string is just long enough to make a loop. It is more liable to jam than the one last named. Bend one end of the cord into a loop, which hold in the left hand, pass the other end through the loop, around it and then under itself.

A little practice will enable the learner to use both hands at once, in which case it can be tied very quickly. It is easily made after learning the flat knot, by passing one end across or under the loop instead of through it. It is obvious that in having the free end of the loop long it can be used instead of another end, and thus heavy bodies, as window-sash weights and clock weights are hung.

The Binding Knot

Figure 3: The Binding Knot

Is used for fastening broken sticks or rods after serving them with several turns of the cord which should never overlap. Before beginning the serving make a loop a little longer than the proposed extent of the turns (a, Fig. 3). When the serving is finished pass the end of the cord through this loop, and by pulling in its free end the other is drawn within the serving and made secure (b, Fig. 3).

The Single Half-Hitch

Figure 4: The Single Half-Hitch

Is made more quickly than any other tie, can be instantly undone, and is very secure. It is used to fasten ends of ropes in rings, etc., when they are to be quickly cast off, and may be used for slinging light bodies of small diameter. It is also put over the tops of bottles to fasten in the corks, and is then called the beer-knot: in this case the two ends are afterwards tied. By reversing it it becomes a running knot, or "sailor's knot."

In practising, at first take the fixed or "standing" part of the line in the left hand, make a loop in it: then make a second loop in the right-hand part, and put it through the first (a, Fig. 4). Afterwards try it through rings. and around rods and small posts (b, Fig. 4). For large posts use the glove hitch; the single half-hitch will slip. Remember that when it is to hold, the strain must come on the standing part. It differs but slightly from the common single bow-knot, and can be made as easily with a little practice.

The Clove-Hitch

Figure 5: The Clove-Hitch

One of the most useful of all fastenings; it is not properly a knot, for it is neither tied nor untied. It is largely employed on shipboard and in reducing dislocations, but opportunities for its use in ordinary life are of daily occurrence.

In practicing, take the fixed or standing part of the rope in the left hand, turn the free end under it, and put it over the thumb; repent this, and the hitch is made. (Fig. 5.)

Tying a Parcel

Figure 6: Tying a Parcel

When the clove-hitch is made on the standing part of the rope, after it has passed around a post or box, it is called two half-hitches, and is the best method of fastening boxes or bundles. In this case it should never be fastened to the cord at right angles to its own, but that in a line with it. (Fig. 6.)

The Bowline Knot

Figure 7: The Bowline Knot

Is used in slinging heavy bodies; it cannot slip, and will never jam under the heaviest strain. It is difficult to understand at first, but with a little practice can be made very rapidly. Take the fixed or standing part of the rope in the left hand (this should be done in making all knots), lay the free end over it, and then by a twist of the wrist make a loop in the standing part which shall inclose the free end (a, Fig. 7); then carry the free end behind the standing part and through the loop, parallel with itself (b, Fig. 7). This knot will well repay the trouble spent in learning it.

The Twenty Most Useful Knots

20 Most Useful Knots for Almost Any Purpose
  1. Thumb or over-hand knot, tied at the end of a rope to prevent it from opening out, &c.

  2. Right or reef-knot, for securing all lashings where the ends of the rope meet together.

  3. Draw-knot, which offers great facility in undoing.

  4. Running-knot, used to bind or draw anything close.

  5. Sheepshank, serving to shorten a rope without cutting it or unfastening the ends.

  6. Clove-hitch, which binds with excessive force, and by which alone a weight can be hung to a smooth pole.

  7. Timber-hitch, very useful in hauling to move a weight.

  8. Single bowline-knot, difficult to undo, useful to throw over a post &c., to haul on, used for the draw-loop of a slip noose.

  9. Double bowline-knot, for slinging a cask.

  10. Running bowline-knot.

  11. Woolding or packing-stick hitch, used to tighten ropes.

  12. Men's harness hitch, passing over the shoulder and under the opposite arm of men drawing a carriage, &c.

  13. Stopper hitch, for stoppering the fall of a tackle, &c.

  14. Inside clinch, for fastening a cable to the anchor ring, &c.

  15. Common or sheet bend, a very secure method of joining two ropes, or fastening a rope to a loop.

  16. Hawser bend, for joining two ropes, easily undone.

  17. Cat's paw, the turn in the bight of a rope, for hooking a tackle to it.

  18. Drag rope or lever-hitch, used for fixing hand spikes or capstan bars to the ropes attached to heavy carriages, &c., which have to be moved by men.

  19. Half-hitch, cast on the bight of a rope.

  20. Carrick bend. A wall-knot is a knot made at the end of a rope to prevent it from passing through a hole.


Bibliography

How to Tie Various Knots was adapted from...

The Household Cyclopedia of General Information by Henry Hartshorne, M.D., published by Thomas Kelly, New York, in 1881.

7 Basic Knots

Basic knots DemonstratedBasic Knots Demonstrated
(Source: ©Don Bell)

Pictured above is a demonstration of how to tie seven basic knots that I created for a merit badge when I was an eight-year-old Wolf Cub in 1958. It was graded 7/10 by the Akela who said my printing could stand some improvement. Hey, I was eight!

  1. Square knot to tie a parcel.

  2. Bowline to tie a fishhook.

  3. Clove hitch to pull a car.

  4. Well pipe hitch to lift a pipe.

  5. Slip knot to tie a horse.

  6. Lark's head and toggle to tie a boat.

  7. Miller's knot to tie a bag.



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